Following is the detailed curriculum for ‘Child Development and Pedagogy’ for CTET exam. The curriculum applies to both Paper I and Paper II:
Child Development and Pedagogy (30 Questions)
Child Development (Elementary School Child) (15 Questions)
1. Concept of development and its relationship with learning
2. Principles of the development of children
3. Influence of Heredity & Environment
4. Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
5. Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
6. Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
7. Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
8. Multi Dimensional Intelligence
9. Language & Thought
10. Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
11. Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
12. Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
13. Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs (5 Questions)
1. Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
2. Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc
3. Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners
Learning and Pedagogy (10 Questions)
1. How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
2. Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
3. Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
4. Alternative conceptions of learning in children; understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
5. Cognition & Emotions
6. Motivation and learning
7. Factors contributing to learning personal & environmental