Company: Cognizant Technology Solutions

As comprehensive socialism has diminished an opposing doctrine has emerged. This is privatisation. As a broad rule, privatisation ranks with socialism in irrelevance. There is a large area of economic activity in which the market is and should be unchallenged. Equally there is a large range of activities that increases with increasing economic activity where the services and functions of the state are either necessary or superior. Privatisation is not any better as a controlling guide to public action than is socialism. In both the cases the primary service of the doctrine is in providing escape from thought. In a good society there is in these matters one dominant rule: Decisions must be made on the social and economic merits of the case. This is not the age of doctrine. This is the age of practical judgement.

Q. No. 1: The author is

A :anti- socialism

B :anti-privatisation

C :calls for a balance between both

D :None of the above

Q. No. 2: The following statement is false

A : Socialism has disappeared

B :Privatization cant be used in all areas

C :Privatisation and socialism are opposing doctrines

D :All of the above.

Q. No.3 : The piece was written in the

A :1950′s

B :1960′s

C :1970′s

D :1990′s

Q. No.4 : In a good society, decisions are made based on

A : ad-hoc

B : on cash flows

C : on economic and social merits of cases

D : on economic value

Q. No. 5: In this passage the central idea is of the

A : Theory of ideologies

B : Relevance of socialism even today

C : forms of governments

D : Economic activities

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage

Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion. The general recognition of this fact is shown in the proverbial phrase,’ It is the busiest man who has time to spare’. Thus, an elderly lady at leisure can spend the entire day writing a postcard to her niece. An hour will be spent in writing a postcard , another hunting for spectacles, half an hour to search for the address , an hour and a quarter in composition and twenty minutes in deciding whether or not to take an umbrella when going to the pillar box in the street. The total effort that could occupy a busy man for three minutes, all told may in this fashion leave another person completely exhausted after a day of doubt ,anxiety and toil.

Q. No. 6: What happens when the time to be spent on some work increases?

A : the work is done smoothly.

B : the work is done leisurely.

C : work consumes all the time.

D : The work needs additional time.

Q. No. 7: Explain the sentence : work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion’.

A : The more work there is to be done , the more time needed.

B : whatever time is available for a given amount of work, all of it will be used.

C : If you have more time you can do some work.

D : If you have some important work to do , you should always have some additional time.

Q. No. 8: Who is the person likely to take more time to do work.:

A : a busy man.

B : a man of leisure.

C : an elderly person.

D : an exhausted person

Q. No. 9: What is the total time spent by the elderly lady in writing a postcard?

A : Three minutes.

B : four hours and five minutes.

C : half day

D : the entire day.

Q. No. 10: What does the expression ‘pillar box’ stand for?

A : a box attached to the pillar.

B : a box in the pillar

C : box office

D : a pillar type postbox.

In the world today we make health and end in itself. We have forgotten that health is really means to enable a person to do his work and do it well. a lot of modern medicine and this includes many patients as well as many physicians pays very little attention to health but very much attention to those who imagine that they are ill. Our great concern with health is shown by the medical columns in newspapers. the health articles in popular magazines and the popularity of television programmes and all those books on medicine. We talk about health all the time. Yet for the most part the only result is more people with imaginary illness. The healthy man should not be wasting time talking about health: he should be using health for work. The work does the work that good health possible.

Q. No. 11 : Modern medicine is primarily concerned with

A : promotion of good health

B : people suffering from imaginary illness

C : people suffering from real illness

D : increased efficiency in work

Q. No. 12 : The passage suggests that

A : health is an end in itself

B : health is blessing

C : health is only means to an end

D : we should not talk about health

Q. No. 13 : Talking about the health all time makes people

A : always suffer from imaginary illness

B : sometimes suffer from imaginary illness

C : rarely suffer from imaginary illness

D : often suffer from imaginary illness

Q. No. 14 : The passage tells us

A : how medicine should be manufactured

B : what healthy man should or should not do

C : what television programmes should be about

D : how best to imagine illness

Q. No. 15 : A healthy man should be concerned with

A : his work which good health makes possible

B : looking after his health

C : his health which makes work possible

D : talking about health

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage.

According to Albert Einstein the non mathematician, is seized by a mysterious shuddering when he hears of ‘four-dimensional’ things, he is seized by a feeling, which is very similar to the thoughts awakened by the occult. And at the same time the statement that the world in which we live is a four-dimensional space – time continuum is quite a common place statement.

This might lead to an argument regarding the use of the term ”commonplace” by Einstein. Yet the difficulty lies more in the wording than the ideas. Einstein’s concept of the universe as a four-dimensional space-time continuum becomes plain and clear, when what he means by ”continuum” becomes clear. A continuum is something that is continuous, A ruler, for example, is a one-dimensional space continuum. Most rulers are divided into inches and frWASLions, scaled down to one-sixteenth of an inch.

Will it be possible to conceive a ruler, which is calibrated to a millionth or billionth of an inch. In theory there is no reason why the steps from point to point should not be even smaller. What distinguishes a continuum is the fWASL that the space between any two points can be sub-divided into an infinite number of smaller divisions.

A railroad track is a one-dimensional space continuum and on it the engineer of a train can describe his position at any time by citing a single co-ordinate point – i.e., a station or a milestone. A sea captain, however, has to worry about two dimensions. The surface of the sea is a two-dimensional continuum and the co-ordinate points by which sailor fixes his positions in his two dimensional continuum are latitude and longitude. An airplane pilot guides his plane through a three – dimensional continuum, hence he has to consider not only latitude and longitude, but also his height above the ground. The continuum of an airplane pilot constitutes space as we perceive it. In other words, the space of our world is a three-dimensional continuum.

Just indicating its position in space is not enough while describing any physical event, which involves motion. How position changes in time also needs to be mentioned. Thus to give an accurate picture of the operation of a New York – Chicago express, one must mention not only that it goes from New – York to Albany to Syracuse to Cleveland to Toledo to Chicago, but also the times at which it touches each of those points. This can be done either by means of a timetable or a visual chart. If the miles between New York and Chicago are plotted horizontally on a piece of ruled paper and the hours and minutes are plotted vertically, then a diagonal line properly drawn across the page illustrates the progress of the train in two – dimensional space – time continuum. This type of graphic representation is familiar to most newspaper readers; a stock market chart, for example, pictures financial events in a two – dimensional dollar – time continuum. Similarly for the best picturisation of the flight of an airplane from New York to Los Angeles a four – dimensional space – time continuum is essential. The latitude, longitude and altitude will only make sense to the traffic manager of the airline if the time co – ordinate is also mentioned. Therefore time is the fourth dimension. If a flight has to be looked at, perceived as a whole, it wouldn’t work if it is broken down into a series of disconnected take – offs, climbs, glides, and landing, it needs to be looked at and perceived as a continuous four – dimensional space – time continuum curve.

Q. No. 16 : The significant feature of a continuum, according to the passage, revolves around

A : The divisibility of the interval between any two points.

B : An ordinary ruler’s caliber for marking

C : Its lucid from providing comprehensibility to the non – scientists as well

D : Its variety of co – ordinates.

Q. No. 17 : The purpose of this passage is to highlight the point that

A : Plots and sea captains have something in common

B : Stock market charts may be helpful to physicists

C : The fourth dimension is time.

D : Non – mathematician’s are often afraid of the commonplace

Q. No. 18 : According to the passage, an airlines traffic manager depends upon all of the following EXCEPT

A : latitude

B : altitude

C : the time co -ordinate

D : the continuous curve in co four

Q. No. 19 : According to Albert Einstein which type of people are seized by a mysterious shuddering when he hears of ‘four-dimensional’ things?

A : Doctors

B : Non Mathematicians

C : Artists

D : None of the above

Q. No. 20 : According to the author if on wishes portray a physical event in which motion plays a role – one has to

A : Make use of a time-table

B : Indicate how position changes in time

C : Be conversant with the scientist’s theories

D : Describe it graphically

The following five questions are based on the passage given below:-

How strange time is and how queer we are! Time has really changed and it has changed us too. It walked one step forward, unveiled its grace, alarmed us and hen elated us.

Yesterday we complained about time and trembled at its terrors. But today we have learned to love it and revere it, for now we understand its intents, its natural disposition, its secrets and its mysteries.

Yesterday we were a toy in the hands of Destiny. But today Destiny has awakened from her intoxication to play and laugh and walk with us. We do not follow her but she follows us.

Q. No. 21 : The author is talking about

A : Time and how it has changed

B : Our queerness

C : Our fright

D : None of the above.

Q. No. 22 : The author tries to say that along with time

A : We have become more frightened

B : We have changed too

C : We also walk with it

D : None of the above

Q. No. 23 : When the author says that “……. Destiny follows us”, he means

A : Destiny can take walks

B : Destiny can play like us

C : Destiny can sleep and awake like us

D : We have conquered destiny

Q. No. 24 : The author throughout the passage sounds

A : Sad

B : Pessimistic

C : Optimistic

D : Angry

Q. No. 25 : The passage has probably been written by a

A : Novelist

B : Philosopher or a poet

C : Botanist

D : Historian

Answer 1 to 25.